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Working with SOA technologies , implementing solution using IBM BPM , IBM Integration Designer,IBM WODM and IBM DataPower

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Monday, 21 October 2013

Invoking Process Application from Web Application in BPM

Hello Friends I would like to share scenario  on  usage UCA’s  in BPM.

Scenario :-( Order Submit Process)

This Scenario aim to know about how to integrate existing web application with new Process App, An external user submits the Order from web page and it will invoke Process Application in process center and send Order id back to end user.

 About Usage of  UCA’s:-

The UCA creates a bridge between external systems and business process definitions (BPDs). You can manage inbound and outbound communication with external systems using UCAs. The UCA listens for events from external systems through a message or specific schedule. If you want to post a message to the JMSlistener, the Event Manager has a defined XML message structure that it must receive from an external system. The UCA is responsible for firing either a Start Message Event or an Intermediate Message Event that is contained within a BPD.
The following queues are associated with a UCA:
Async queue: Allows Event Manager jobs to run at the same time.

SYNC_QUEUE_1: Forces one job to finish before the next job can start. Bydefault, three synchronous queues are available.

SYNC_QUEUE_2: Forces one job to finish before the next job can start. Bydefault, three synchronous queues are available.

SYNC_QUEUE_3: Forces one job to finish before the next job can start.

By default, three synchronous queues are available. All of these queues gets initialized at the time of server start up.

General System Service for UCA:-(UCAService)

We can call it as event handler service,In this application Created general system  service  with name “UCAService” which  transfers data(Order Details ) from external app to Process App  as shown in below fig.
An event handler service is nothing but a General System service, which is the heart of a UCA. This service receives the data from external stimulus and sends it to a BPD process through the UCA. You need to define and map output data to input data explicitly for this service, otherwise the output data would be null. The data defined for this service should be same as the input data required by the BPD process.

Variables Used in UCA Service:-

             Input output variables: UcaComplexInput, UcaComplexOutput

Creating OrderUCA:-

You must create the UCA before it can be referenced. To create a UCA and associate it with the General System service

 Scheduler Type:OnEvent

 Event Message: OrderBOUCA(This name will be used in coding) 

Creating BPD in Process Application:-

This BPD receive order details from external webpage and do business logic and returns  Order Id to end user.

Used Message Start event to receive the events from web application and configures  created OrderUCA  as shown in fig.

Finally Expose this BPD and Business Data  to Start for required user in my case AllUsers.

Web Application (Order Submit client):-

Send a message to the Event Manager:-

To invoke a BPD process by sending application data through the UCA, you need to encapsulate data in a predefined XML structure with event msg as the root, as shown in the following listing
  String data="<eventmsg><event processApp=\"ODUT\" snapshot=\"OrderSnap1\" ucaname=\"OrderUCA\">OrderBOUCA</event><parameters><parameter><key>UcaComplexInput</key><value><itemNo>"+itemNo+"</itemNo><itemName>"+itemName+"</itemName><price>"+price+"</price><quantity>"+quantity+"</quantity><cname>"+cname+"</cname><address>"+address+"</address></value></parameter></parameters></eventmsg>";

Notice that you need the following information available to include in the XML header:
snapshot: Process snapshot name; created through Process Center. in this case OrderSnap1.

ucaname: UCA name; available in the UCA editor in Process Center.in this case, OrderUCA.

processApp: The process name; this acronym is provided when you create a new process app.in this case ODUT.
event: The event name; in this case, OrderBOUCA.

key : The input object name defined in the UCA service.( UcaComplexInput).

For more information about MessageStructure go through below link.

Servlet code(Jms Client App to send event to Queue):-

package com.eai.jms;

import java.io.IOException;
import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import javax.jms.MessageProducer;
import javax.jms.ObjectMessage;
import javax.jms.Queue;
import javax.jms.QueueConnection;
import javax.jms.QueueConnectionFactory;
import javax.jms.Session;
import javax.jms.TextMessage;
import javax.naming.InitialContext;
 * Servlet implementation class OrderSubmitServlet
public class OrderSubmitServlet extends HttpServlet {
        private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;
     * @see HttpServlet#HttpServlet()
    public OrderSubmitServlet() {
        // TODO Auto-generated constructor stub

         * @see HttpServlet#doGet(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)
        protected void doGet(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws ServletException, IOException {
                // TODO Auto-generated method stub

         * @see HttpServlet#doPost(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)
        protected void doPost(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws ServletException, IOException {
                // TODO Auto-generated method stub
                        String itemNo=request.getParameter("itemNo");
                        String itemName=request.getParameter("itemName");
                        String price=request.getParameter("price");
                        String quantity=request.getParameter("quantity");
                        String cname=request.getParameter("cname");
                        String address=request.getParameter("address");
                        String data="<eventmsg><event processApp=\"ODUT\" snapshot=\"OrderSnap1\" ucaname=\"OrderUCA\">OrderBOUCA</event><parameters><parameter><key>UcaComplexInput</key><value><itemNo>"+itemNo+"</itemNo><itemName>"+itemName+"</itemName><price>"+price+"</price><quantity>"+quantity+"</quantity><cname>"+cname+"</cname><address>"+address+"</address></value></parameter></parameters></eventmsg>";       
                        System.out.println("UCA Servlet Invoked" +"\n"+data);
                        InitialContext ctx=new InitialContext();
                        //QueueConnectionFactory ucaqcf=(QueueConnectionFactory)ctx.lookup("javax.jms.QueueConnectionFactory");
                        QueueConnectionFactory ucaqcf=(QueueConnectionFactory)ctx.lookup("javax.jms.QueueConnectionFactory");
                        Queue ucaqueue=(Queue)ctx.lookup("jms/eventqueue");
                        System.out.println("ucaqueue:: "+ucaqueue);
                        QueueConnection connection=ucaqcf.createQueueConnection();
                        System.out.println("QCF:: " +ucaqcf +" queueconnection:: " +connection);
                        Session session = connection.createSession(false,Session.AUTO_ACKNOWLEDGE);
                        System.out.println("session:: " +session);
                        MessageProducer producer = session.createProducer(ucaqueue);                      
                        //ObjectMessage message = session.createObjectMessage();
                        TextMessage message = session.createTextMessage();
            System.out.println("Message:: " +message);
            System.out.println("Message Sent");         
                }catch(Exception t){


Running application:-

  • Click on Submit Order Button on below webpage .And check the created new Process  instance id in Inspector view in Designer or By Login into Process Portal.

  • We can also monitor and clear    eventQueues by using Process Admin Console.

Trouble Shooting :-(Resolving JMS Security Exception)

Common error with JMS client program.Go through the below link to resolve it

I hope this post helps you. So far this is my best effort to explain. Please correct me if I do anything wrong.

Please share your valuable suggestions and feedback to my mail id"mdondetisbit@gmail.com" to improve myself.

Please post any issues/query’s related to BPM,WODM and DATAPOWER  to "mdondetisbit@gmail.com